Within each are various sub-tests, which altogether give a broad picture of an individual's health.
The lipid panel consists of various tests used to measure the different types of triglycerides (fats) and cholesterol in the blood.
Total cholesterol test measures the overall levels of LDL (bad) and HDL (good) cholesterol in the blood.
Tests for triglycerides, a fat found in the blood. Irregularities are a possible risk factor for heart disease and other medical conditions.
HDL cholesterol, also known as high-density lipoprotein (or good cholesterol), is useful in protecting against heart disease. Low levels can increase the risk of heart problems.
LDL cholesterol test, also known as low-density lipoprotein (or bad cholesterol), is linked to heart disease and clogged arteries.
Total cholesterol to HDL ratio test, calculating this ratio can help determine an individual's risk of developing a heart disease. A blood test is typically composed of three main tests: a complete blood count, a metabolic panel and a lipid panel. It is worked out by dividing HDL cholesterol into total cholesterol. Each test for different things, which can be understood through a detailed analysis of the results.
Confusingly, it is likely that the results of the three tests will not be differentiated from each other and, instead, will be listed under one large column, often labelled "Test Name". High levels are a possible indicator of heart problems.
In the case of forensics, it can be used to identify people, criminals, elements in blood that are not meant to be there and the like. Lab blood testing also goes a step further in the world of genetics as well as forensics. Samples given can be analyzed deeply to answer several questions. In the case of genetics, it can be used to determine paternity, it can be used to determine how prone one can be to a hereditary illness.